Centre Spatial Guyanais (CSG)
About the Centre Spatial Guyanais
Kourou, in French Guiana, is Europe’s gateway to space. CSG is ideally sited for launching satellites, in particular because it is close to the equator. ESA is the owner of the launch and launcher production facilities and finances a significant part of the fixed costs of the launch base.
Europe's Spaceport covers an area of 750 km2, almost as much as the city of New York. Surrounded on two sides by equatorial forest, to the east it has a 50 km coastline bordering the Atlantic Ocean and to the south lies the town of Kourou. The Spaceport contains the administrative buildings as well as the numerous facilities required for a launch.
ESA maintains a small team at the Spaceport to act as its representative in French Guiana.
At the Spaceport, ESA is the owner of the launch infrastructure for the Ariane 5, Vega and Soyuz launchers. This includes launcher and satellite preparation buildings, launch operation facilities and the launcher production facilities for the Ariane 5 solid propellant boosters that are largely manufactured and integrated at the spaceport.
ESA finances two thirds of the fixed costs of the Spaceport and contributes to the funding of the Ariane launch site.